The bald-headed vulture can be met in the mountains of South Europe, North Africa and Southwest Asia. In the past they used to build nests also in Bulgaria. They build their nests in small caves, on rock sheds and cornices, in the branches of the trees. They build their nests in colonies.
The head and the neck of the bald-headed vulture are covered with thick white down. At the lower part of the neck they have a collar of white fluffy feathers, which collar is cut off at the front. The upper part of the body is grey-brown, while the lower part is darker or has light ruddy-brown colour. Its fluffy weathers and the tail are black. There is no sexual difformism. At younger vultures the collar is formed by spear-shaped feathers, the upper part of the body is reddish-brown, while the lower part is light brown with whitish notches.
The bald-headed vulture can be met more and more rarely, as today, in Europe there are no more than 2000 specimens total. Lack of food in nature is one of the main reasons for that.